Press "Enter" to skip to content

Farmer Suicide: A New Epidemic in Western Odisha

Facebooktwittergoogle_pluslinkedinmailFacebooktwittergoogle_pluslinkedinmail

Padmaja Priyadarshinee

Mphil. Student at Koraput Central university, AB Fellow

Odisha is mainly known as an agricultural state. Majority of the population in Odisha are engaged in farming as their prime occupation. The earnings of rural parts of Odisha mainly come from their agricultural land. As per the reports of economic survey of Odisha 2016-17, there has been an increase in the per capita income of Odisha by 7% when compared to the per capita income of 2015-16. This increase is because of the industries and the service sectors that are proving as the drivers of growth in the state. But when it comes to agricultural sector, it has almost lost its importance as a contributor to states economy. However agriculture in Odisha has retained its status as it is the main provider of livelihood to all most all the families who rely on farming as their only source of income.

The life of a farmer is very difficult as he struggles a lot to meet our requirement or the basic need of food. Whatever we eat today is all because of the labor and sweated blood of the farmers. They do the work of feeding the humanity but their life is more sorrowful then one can imagine. In the recent past the life of farmers in Odisha has been undergoing a tragic phase. There has been increase in the number of farmer suicides every year which is not at all new for Odisha. Numerous factors are responsible for it like failure of seasonal crops, insolvency, unable to pay the loan due to poverty and many more. 2015-16 is proved to be the darkest year in the history of Odisha.

Many farmers especially those of Western Odisha like Bolangir, Bargarh and Sambalpur choose the option of hanging themselves to death as a result of being unable to pay their loans because of huge loss in crops. The government however in an attempt to find the reasons behind the suicide linked these deaths as a reason because of illness and plenty of liquor consumption among the farmers. The government constantly tried to mislead by claiming that the suicides was not because of crop failure but because of family issues, drug addiction and heart attacks. But that was not the case. The year 2015-16 experienced scanty rainfall during monsoon resulting in a drought like situations. Because of this there was failure of kharif crops which resulted in the financial distress among the farmers.

In Odisha the farmers grow paddy crops and most of the suicides were by the paddy cultivators. Insolvency is the major reason for which the farmers are committing suicides. The farmers take loans either from private and non government agencies who in return charge high rate of interests. Unable to pay the loan to the moneylenders and in a fear to face the public out of shame, they often opt to commit suicide.

On the other hand there is a different situation in the current year. Because of favorable climatic condition the farmers in Odisha are growing more vegetables. Cabbage, tomatoes, green chilies, potatoes are some of the vegetables which are being produced in large quantity in many parts of Odisha. As a result, the farmers are suffering as there is increase in production because of which the selling prices of the vegetables have gone very low and the excess crops are getting wasted. They are not getting market to sell their vegetables. Farmers across Odisha are protesting by throwing the vegetables in the street. The government is unable to provide cold storage facilities to the farmers as well as the compensation for the losses. The farmers claimed that they are unable to sell their produce even after selling it at low prices and as there is abundant production they are unable to store it because of lack of cold storages. The demonetization has also impacted the sell as people had less or no cash to buy vegetables.

The farmers are bound to sell the tomatoes at 1 rupee per kilogram. However the cost of wage for plucking the tomatoes comes around Rs. 10 per kilogram. Moreover there are other expenses that they do is like spending on fertilizers, disinfectant, equipment’s, water etc. In order to avoid incurring losses they are not engaging labor to pluck the tomatoes and letting them to rot in the fields. Same is the case with cabbage as well, where one cabbage is sold at 1 rupee. And because of this distress sell, farmers have started committing suicide. Most of the farmers had taken loan from banks as well as SHG groups and are unable to pay the loan.

In both the cases the government has ignored the farmers need. Odisha has neglected the agriculture sector and has allowed the expansion of industries and mining sectors whereas most of the population in Odisha are engaged in agriculture. The ground and the surface water are excessively misutilised and exploited resulting in scarcity of water for human and agricultural use.

If proper storage facilities could have been provided to the farmers in large numbers then they could have been able to store their vegetables or crops and could have got the value out of it for several months. And that would have helped them in repaying their debts and it could have given a new hope for the future. Most of the farmers in Odisha are illiterate and can’t read or write. As they are not educated they are not aware of their legitimate rights and are hence choosing to commit suicides. And the public administrators are just becoming mute spectators and eye witnesses as they have nothing to do with this rampant condition of the state.

It is high time that all the groups which are residing likewise public administration, state bodies and NGOs to come forward and to look after the epidemic and to ponder over these vulnerable matters as soon as possible. The sooner the state will wake up, better the life of farmers will be in forthcoming days.

Facebooktwittergoogle_pluslinkedinmailFacebooktwittergoogle_pluslinkedinmail

Leave a Reply

30 Comments

  1. minecraft October 4, 2018

    Tremendous issues here. I am very glad to see your post.
    Thank you a lot and I’m looking forward to touch you.

    Will you please drop me a e-mail?

  2. minecraft October 4, 2018

    Wow, this paragraph is good, my younger sister is analyzing these things, so
    I am going to tell her.

  3. minecraft October 5, 2018

    Thankfulness to my father who shared with
    me about this website, this weblog is really amazing.

  4. minecraft October 7, 2018

    Hello, the whole thing is going perfectly here and ofcourse every one
    is sharing data, that’s truly good, keep up
    writing.

  5. minecraft October 8, 2018

    My brother suggested I might like this web site. He used
    to be entirely right. This put up actually made
    my day. You cann’t imagine just how much time I had spent for this information! Thanks!

  6. minecraft free download 2018 October 10, 2018

    What i do not understood is in fact how you are no
    longer really much more smartly-liked than you might be now.
    You’re very intelligent. You recognize thus considerably in relation to this topic, produced me for
    my part believe it from a lot of varied angles.
    Its like men and women aren’t fascinated until it’s one thing to accomplish with Girl gaga!
    Your own stuffs excellent. At all times maintain it up!

  7. minecraft free download 2018 October 10, 2018

    Thank you a bunch for sharing this with all folks you actually understand what you are talking about!
    Bookmarked. Please additionally consult with my website =).
    We can have a link alternate contract among us

  8. dating in chicago October 14, 2018

    I spent four years trying EVERYTHING in Online Dating, and through a huge amount of trial and error, I produced a system that I will share for you. This book will take you, step by step, through everything you need to know to double, triple or even quadruple the number of women you meet online.

  9. I just couldn’t go away your site before suggesting
    that I extremely loved the standard information an individual
    supply in your guests? Is going to be back ceaselessly in order to check out new posts

  10. Coconut Oil October 20, 2018

    I feel this is among the such a lot vital information for
    me. And i am glad studying your article. But want to statement on some basic
    issues, The site taste is great, the articles is in point of fact excellent : D.
    Just right process, cheers

  11. Coconut Oil Benefits October 21, 2018

    Aw, this was a really good post. Spending some time and actual effort
    to create a very good article… but what can I say… I put
    things off a whole lot and never manage to get anything done.

  12. Wonderful article! That is the type of information that should
    be shared across the web. Shame on the search engines for
    not positioning this post upper! Come on over and consult with my site
    . Thank you =)

  13. Coconut Oil October 28, 2018

    Thanks for finally writing about >Farmer Suicide: A New Epidemic in Western Odisha – THE SABHA
    <Loved it!

  14. Coconut Oil Benefits October 28, 2018

    For the reason that the admin of this website is working, no question very soon it will be renowned, due to its feature contents.

  15. Coconut Oil Benefits October 28, 2018

    Hello there! I simply would like to offer you a huge thumbs up for
    the great information you have got here on this post.
    I’ll be coming back to your web site for more
    soon.

  16. quest bars cheap November 4, 2018

    Quality articles or reviews is the main to be a focus for the visitors to go
    to see the web site, that’s what this website is providing.

  17. Undeniably believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification appeared to be on the net the simplest thing to be aware of.
    I say to you, I definitely get annoyed while people consider worries that
    they just don’t know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined out
    the whole thing without having side effect
    , people could take a signal. Will probably be back to get more.
    Thanks

  18. Sling TV November 12, 2018

    We stumbled over here from a different web address and thought I may as well check things out.
    I like what I see so now i am following you. Look forward to checking out your
    web page repeatedly.

  19. Hey! Do you know if they make any plugins to protect against hackers?
    I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on.
    Any tips?

  20. Sling TV November 14, 2018

    Hi there very cool website!! Man .. Beautiful .. Amazing ..
    I will bookmark your blog and take the feeds additionally?

    I am satisfied to seek out numerous helpful info right here in the post, we’d like develop extra techniques
    in this regard, thank you for sharing. . . . . .

  21. Sling TV November 15, 2018

    Your means of telling all in this paragraph is in fact good, every one be capable of effortlessly know it, Thanks a lot.

  22. Sling TV November 16, 2018

    It’s amazing to go to see this web site and reading the views of all mates
    about this post, while I am also keen of getting know-how.

  23. Hello there! This article couldn’t be written much better!
    Looking through this article reminds me of my previous roommate!
    He always kept talking about this. I am going to send this article to him.
    Pretty sure he’ll have a great read. Many thanks for sharing!

  24. Its like you learn my thoughts! You seem to understand so much about this,
    like you wrote the e book in it or something. I feel that you just can do
    with some p.c. to force the message home a little bit,
    however other than that, that is great blog. A fantastic read.

    I will certainly be back.

  25. Hey very nice web site!! Guy .. Beautiful .. Superb ..
    I will bookmark your website and take the feeds additionally?
    I’m satisfied to seek out a lot of helpful info here within the post, we want work out extra techniques
    in this regard, thanks for sharing. . . . . .

  26. Google November 21, 2018

    The details talked about within the article are some of the best offered.

  27. descargar facebook November 21, 2018

    It is perfect time to make a few plans for the longer term and it
    is time to be happy. I have learn this publish and if I could I
    desire to counsel you few fascinating things or suggestions.
    Perhaps you can write next articles relating to this article.

    I desire to learn even more issues about it!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *