Press "Enter" to skip to content

NAM : Aligning ourselves in the direction of progress

Facebooktwittergoogle_pluslinkedinmailFacebooktwittergoogle_pluslinkedinmail

Globalization is often described as a process whereby the world becomes a smaller place. The notion of space expands tremendously while time can no longer be thought in the singular. There emerges the exciting possibility to exchange both ideas and goods and services across greater distances. These exchanges supposedly foster the creation of a global village, an integrated zone that has the potential to “bring the world together”. The luster of connectedness, progress, and advancement often blurs our vision, stopping us from asking whether the world is indeed becoming a smaller place or whether large multinational corporations are merely growing larger.

Exchange is about give and take. How does giving and taking operate in a framework of immense, persistent global inequality? Within a market, non-coercive, individual acts of exchange take place. The market is an identity-blind and ahistorical zone and so, while the act of exchange takes place, individuals become equal regardless of their social location (gender, caste, ethnicity, etc.) To ensure a fairer, freer market, the job of the government should only be to provide a framework of rules to ensure that these exchanges are voluntary (deregulation, as prescribed by WTO). For a long time, it was held that the fair distribution of income generated through patterns of exchange will eventually trickle down from the rich to the poor in the form of “investment” spending. Today, we’ve replaced the trickle-down theory with the convergence theory, the idea that poorer countries will eventually grow at a faster rate than the rich countries and so, the inequality between the two will diminish as they arrive at a point of convergence. What we observe instead is persistent, resistant global inequality. The richest 62 people in the world can own half the world’s wealth. The gap between the GDP per capita of the United States and that of South Asia has grown by 196% in real terms since 1960. Inequality will not go away on its own with the wildly asymmetric balance of political power in the global economy, including the power to make decisions about where the third world countries align themselves in the direction of progress.

Similar to how a patriarchal family glorifies the caretaking nature of the mother figure, we see powerful international bodies use the rhetoric of comparative advantage to explain how third world countries are using their large populations effectively in production processes to achieve growth and move towards industrialization.  The International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization believe that export-based growth is the means to achieve development. The benevolent organizations have prescribed structural adjustment policies for the young, liberalized economies, these policies will “correctly” align the third world on the path of progress. Low resource areas must learn how to numb their populations in horrible, unsafe working conditions, long working hours, and poor wages to attract investment and become more efficient. Where is this growth located, for whom is this growth produced? These questions are irrelevant as they cannot operate within the identity blind and ahistorical world that is the market as understood by the superpowers.

Within the mainstream economic discourse, sweatshop labor is defended on two major accounts: that the workers make a non-coercive choice to work in sweatshops and that their wellbeing must be adjudged by comparing them to their next best alternative, which would make them worse off. The example of the Harkin Bill serves as the most fascinating defense. In 1992, Senator Tom Harkin passed a bill to ban the importation of all commodities that used child labor to the United States. The Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BGMEA) was forced to sign a Memorandum of Understanding with UNICEF and the International Labour Organization in July 1995. Consequently, more than 50,000 children (close to 75% of the total workforce of the textile industry) were fired overnight from garment factories. Children were forced to resort to more dangerous and/or less lucrative employment in the informal sector. In severe cases, the children had to resort to prostitution, begging, and starvation.

We are left with violent rationalizations. The economy seemingly operates much like a machine and self-interest and competition is the fuel that it feeds on. And, the market bestows rational individuals with choice. You can choose between selling your body and working in a sweatshop.

“Make in India” will take India in the direction of change, the kind that will take us forward. (Mera desh badal raha hain, aage bad raha hain). We will attract foreign investment, foreign companies will come and manufacture in India, creating jobs, adding to the country’s GDP.  Around 54 amendments have been made to the “Factories Act, 194”, the “Apprenticeship Act, 1961”, and the “Labor Laws Act, 1988” through which the overtime hours were doubled from 50 hours per quarter to 100 hours. The employers will no longer be held liable to imprisonment for violating the Apprenticeship Act. The state government in Rajasthan went a step further as to introduce amendments in the “Industrial Dispute Act”, “Factory Act” and “Contract Labor Regulation & Abolition Act.” bestowing employers with the right to retrench workers from 100 to 300 without necessitating government approval. Thereby, workers will not be able to organize themselves to raise collective demands through trade unions. The recently introduced “Child Labour” bill will allow children to take part in home based work. Furthermore, children between the age of 14 to 18 are defined as adolescents who are allowed to be a part of any profession. It is not too difficult to draw a pattern between the progress we wish to achieve and the necessary direction we are moving towards to achieve this progress.

The Non-Aligned Movement challenged the hegemonic influence of the superpowers during the Cold War era. It built a sense of solidarity between independent, third world countries who refused to adhere to the puppet regimes of the Western world, the colonizers and imperialists. While our prime minister is known for travelling across countries to build cordial relations and attract foreign investment, he could not attend the meeting that took place in Venezuela.

Where do we align ourselves at this moment? Where is progress located? Who’s progress do we work towards?

Facebooktwittergoogle_pluslinkedinmailFacebooktwittergoogle_pluslinkedinmail

Leave a Reply

37 Comments

  1. minecraft October 5, 2018

    Usually I do not read article on blogs, but I would like
    to say that this write-up very pressured me to try and
    do so! Your writing taste has been amazed me.

    Thank you, quite nice article.

  2. minecraft October 5, 2018

    As the admin of this site is working, no question very rapidly it will
    be renowned, due to its quality contents.

  3. minecraft October 6, 2018

    Thank you for sharing your thoughts. I truly appreciate your efforts and I will be
    waiting for your next post thanks once again.

  4. minecraft October 6, 2018

    Hi, this weekend is fastidious for me, since this occasion i am reading this wonderful informative post
    here at my residence.

  5. minecraft October 7, 2018

    Thank you for another great article. Where else may anybody get that kind of information in such an ideal method of writing?

    I have a presentation next week, and I’m on the look for such information.

  6. minecraft October 7, 2018

    Good day! Do you know if they make any plugins to safeguard against hackers?
    I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on.
    Any suggestions?

  7. minecraft free download 2018 October 10, 2018

    Hello there, I discovered your blog by way of Google while searching for a similar matter,
    your site came up, it appears good. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

    Hi there, just turned into alert to your weblog via Google, and found that it’s really informative.

    I’m going to be careful for brussels. I will appreciate if
    you continue this in future. Lots of folks will likely
    be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  8. minecraft free download 2018 October 10, 2018

    Useful information. Fortunate me I found your website unintentionally, and I am stunned why this accident didn’t happened earlier!

    I bookmarked it.

  9. minecraft free download 2018 October 11, 2018

    Hi there! Would you mind if I share your blog with my myspace group?
    There’s a lot of folks that I think would really enjoy your content.
    Please let me know. Thanks

  10. minecraft free download 2018 October 11, 2018

    I have read so many content on the topic of the blogger lovers but this piece of writing is genuinely
    a good post, keep it up.

  11. christian personals October 14, 2018

    I spent four years trying EVERYTHING in Online Dating, and through a huge amount of trial and error, I produced a system that I will share for you. This book will take you, step by step, through everything you need to know to double, triple or even quadruple the number of women you meet online.

  12. google dating site October 14, 2018

    I spent four years trying EVERYTHING in Online Dating, and through a huge amount of trial and error, I produced a system that I will share for you. This book will take you, step by step, through everything you need to know to double, triple or even quadruple the number of women you meet online.

  13. tinder dating site October 16, 2018

    Thanks for finally writing about >NAM : Aligning ourselves in the direction of progress – THE SABHA <Liked it!

  14. Benefits of Coconut Oil October 21, 2018

    Wow! After all I got a webpage from where I know how to genuinely get
    helpful facts concerning my study and knowledge.

  15. Coconut Oil October 23, 2018

    Your style is very unique in comparison to other people I’ve read stuff from.
    Thanks for posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I’ll just book mark this blog.

  16. Thanks for your marvelous posting! I really enjoyed reading it, you may be a great author.I will remember to bookmark your blog and
    will come back later on. I want to encourage continue your
    great writing, have a nice morning!

  17. Benefits of Coconut Oil October 26, 2018

    Hi to all, for the reason that I am truly keen of reading this webpage’s post to be
    updated on a regular basis. It consists of nice data.

  18. 活肌原液 觸發再生奇蹟 – 專業美容用品Professional Beauty Products Ltd 活肌原液 觸發再生奇蹟 – 專業美容用品Professional Beauty Products Ltd

  19. Hello there! Quick question that’s totally off topic. Do you know
    how to make your site mobile friendly? My web site looks weird when browsing from my iphone4.
    I’m trying to find a template or plugin that might
    be able to correct this problem. If you have any suggestions, please share.
    Cheers!

  20. Benefits of Coconut Oil October 28, 2018

    Hi there, I found your site by means of Google while looking for a related topic,
    your web site got here up, it looks good. I have bookmarked it in my google
    bookmarks.
    Hello there, just turned into alert to your weblog through Google, and
    found that it’s truly informative. I am gonna watch
    out for brussels. I will appreciate if you continue this in future.
    Numerous people can be benefited out of your writing.
    Cheers!

  21. asian women November 1, 2018

    I travel all around the world for work, and it used to be really lonely. Now I can go onto Tinder and have a date lined up in a new city before I even get out of the airport!

  22. descargar facebook November 3, 2018

    Have you ever considered writing an ebook or guest authoring on other blogs?
    I have a blog based upon on the same information you discuss and
    would love to have you share some stories/information. I know my readers would enjoy your work.
    If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an e-mail.

  23. quest bars cheap November 3, 2018

    Hello, Neat post. There’s a problem along
    with your website in internet explorer, would test this? IE still is the market chief and a huge portion of other people
    will pass over your wonderful writing because of this problem.

  24. quest bars cheap November 3, 2018

    Wonderful post however I was wanting to know if you could write a litte
    more on this subject? I’d be very grateful if you could
    elaborate a little bit further. Thank you!

  25. quest bars cheap November 4, 2018

    Thanks for sharing your thoughts. I truly appreciate your efforts and I will
    be waiting for your next write ups thanks once again.

  26. Sling TV November 11, 2018

    I love what you guys are up too. This kind of clever
    work and coverage! Keep up the fantastic works guys I’ve added you guys to my own blogroll.

  27. Hello, Neat post. There is a problem together with your site in web explorer, could check this?

    IE still is the market chief and a big section of other folks
    will leave out your fantastic writing because of this problem.

  28. I think what you composed was actually very reasonable. But, what about this?
    suppose you were to create a killer headline? I ain’t suggesting
    your information isn’t good, however suppose you added something that grabbed
    people’s attention? I mean NAM : Aligning ourselves in the direction of progress – THE
    SABHA is a little plain. You might peek at Yahoo’s front
    page and see how they write post titles to grab viewers to open the links.
    You might add a video or a pic or two to get readers excited about what you’ve got to say.
    Just my opinion, it would make your blog a little bit more interesting.

  29. I used to be suggested this web site via my cousin. I’m no longer positive
    whether this put up is written through him as no one else understand such
    detailed about my problem. You’re incredible! Thanks!

  30. Sling TV November 14, 2018

    If some one needs to be updated with most up-to-date technologies then he must
    be pay a quick visit this site and be up to date all the
    time.

  31. Sling TV November 15, 2018

    Does your site have a contact page? I’m having a tough
    time locating it but, I’d like to shoot you an email.
    I’ve got some creative ideas for your blog you might be interested in hearing.
    Either way, great website and I look forward to seeing it improve over time.

  32. Sling TV November 15, 2018

    Do you have any video of that? I’d care to find out
    some additional information.

  33. Sling tv coupons and promo codes for november 2018

    Hey there! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with Search Engine Optimization?
    I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords
    but I’m not seeing very good results. If you know of any please
    share. Many thanks! Sling tv coupons and promo
    codes for november 2018

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *